October 06, 2016 12:00 PM EDT Cincinnati


1836 Will in which a Kentucky Slave Owner Frees Slaves, with References to Liberia and the American Colonization Society

A remarkable last will and testament of Jeremiah Brand, a Bourbon County, Kentucky slave owner, whose last wishes included the emancipation of two of his slaves. The first, six-year-old Sam, was to remain in bondage until he was twenty-five-years old. When he became of age, Brand instructed that Sam be given some of his clothing and fifty dollars to cover his travel expenses to Liberia. The second was a slave woman named Ann, formerly owned by Brand's father and mother. Brand requested that she be freed based on her excellent care of their mother and to ensure she would not be separated from her friends and family.  

The American Colonization Society "founded" the colony of Liberia in 1817 in order to establish an area for freed American slaves to return to Africa. Henry Clay, Francis Scott Key, Bushrod Washington, and William Thornton were a few notable supporters of the idea, but the organization faced much criticism and opposition from equal powerful figures. Over 13,000 immigrants traveled to Liberia but the colony was not successful. By 1846, the organization that headed the project demanded that people of Liberia declare their independence. 



Very good condition with some folds and toning of the paper. 

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